TISS MA in Elementary Education and Action Question papers 2016.
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M.A. IN ELEMENTARY EDUCATION
Duration: 1 Hour Total Marks: 50
Instructions to Candidates
This part of the test consists of THREE SECTIONS. All questions are compulsory.
Please write your answers in the space provided in this Booklet. No additional sheets will
be provided to write the answers. Please write legibly. Please use blue or black
ink/ballpoint pen only.
SECTION: A Marks: 20
Write an essay on ANY ONE of the following topics (word limit: 500 words)
1. Relevance of board examination in students’ learning
2. Importance of libraries in education
3. Role of schools in promoting democratic values
SECTION: B Marks: 5 x 3 = 15
The following statements represent different views on school education. Do you agree
with them? Give reasons.
1. Schools cannot make children creative and talented. Children are born with these
2. Free schooling leads to poor quality of education.
3. English must be made the medium of instruction in all schools in India.
4. Girls are naturally suited for social sciences than science subjects.
5. Subject knowledge is less important than sensitivity to children for teachers in
SECTION: C Marks: 3 x 5 = 15
Read the following extract and answer the questions below.
In our society, work is identified with a job; it is done for an employer and for money; unpaid activities do not count as work. For example, the work performed by women and men in households is not assigned any economic value; yet this work equals, in monetary terms, two-thirds of the total amount of wages and salaries paid by all the corporations in the United States. On the other hand, work in paid jobs is no longer available for many who want it. Being unemployed carries a social stigma; people lose status and respect in their own and others’ eyes because they are unable to get work. At the same time those who do have jobs very often have to perform work in which they cannot take any pride, work that leaves them profoundly alienated and dissatisfied. …[Workers] have no say about the use to which their work is put, and cannot identify in any meaningful way with the production process. The modern industrial worker no longer feels responsible for his work nor takes pride in it. The result is products that show less and less craft, artistic quality or taste. Thus work has become profoundly degraded; from the worker’s point of view, its only purpose is to earn a living. …This state of affairs is in sharp contrast to traditional societies in which ordinary women and men were engaged in a wide variety of activities – farming, fishing, hunting, weaving, making clothes, building, making pottery and tools, cooking, healing – all of them useful, skilled and dignified work. In our society most people are unsatisfied by their work and see recreation as the main focus of their lives. Thus work has become opposed to leisure, and the latter is served by a huge industry featuring resource- and energy-intensive gadgets – computer games, speedboats, and snowmobiles – and exhorting people to ever more wasteful consumption. As far as the status of different kinds of work is concerned, there is an interesting hierarchy in our culture. Work with the lowest status tends to be that work which is most “entropic,” i.e., where the tangible evidence of the effort is most easily destroyed. This is work that has to be done over and over again without leaving a lasting impact – cooking meals which are immediately eaten, sweeping factory floors which will soon be dirty again, cutting hedges and lawns which keep growing. In our society, as in all industrial cultures, jobs that involve highly entropic work – housework, services, agriculture – are given the lowest value and receive the lowest pay, although they are essential to our daily existence. These jobs are generally delegated to minority groups and to women. Highstatus jobs involve work that creates something lasting – skyscrapers, supersonic planes,
space rockets … and all the other product of high technology. High status is also granted to all administrative work connected with high technology, however dull it may be.
TISS MA in Elementary Education and Action Question papers 2016
1. What are the different classifications of jobs discussed in the paragraph?
2. How is the nature of work different in traditional and present societies?
3. Do you agree with the author’s classification of high and low status jobs? Where
would you place teaching in this classification?